With symmetrical balance, objects are repeated or mirrored along a central axis. This sitting room is a masterful example of symmetrical balance, as every major piece — from the inviting sofas to the unusual table lamps — aligns along either side of the central line to create a harmonious space.
Asymmetrical balance makes for a more relaxed and lively interior space. This balance scheme uses a central line but relies more on the eye's sense of balance to complete the design. Rather than having identical objects on either side of the central axis, asymmetrically balanced spaces have different objects of equal visual weight on either side of the line.
In this living room, the left side of the fireplace serves as the central line. The height and weight of the sofa and cushions on the right balance the console on the left. The height of the fireplace surround also balances out the tall bookshelves.
You see radial balance less often in traditional homes; round rooms are difficult to link to other spaces. But the result can be stunning. The central elements of a radially balanced room — like the dining table and light fixture in this dining space — become the immediate focal points. The chairs, sculpture and print all radiate out from this central point.
More: How to apply the principles of balance outside